What's an IP Address? What's a Local IP Address? And why are they important?

In the simplest of terms an IP Address stands for "Internet Protocol Address". And a Local IP Address is what identifies your device to a local network. 

Great, What does that mean?

The best way to think of an IP Address is like an electronic return address label for your internet connection. Its the unique code with a built in set of rules (protocols) that allows you to send and receive information on the internet.

A Local IP Address is the IP Address your router uses to connect to a larger network.

How do I find out what my IP Address is? 

The easiest way to locate your Devices IP Address is to visit a website like the one below: 
Visit:  or
This will allow you to see what IP Address your computer is using to communicate to the internet. NOTE: This address is not your Local IP Address. 

How do I find a Local IP Address?

Typically your router's Local IP Address will be listed on the physical router itself. Look for a number that is typically groups of 2 or 3 numbers separated by periods. Format:

If you do not have access to your router you can also find your Router's Local IP Address through your network preference: 
On a mac:

  • Open Network Preferences
  • Click 'Advanced' on the lower right hand side
  • Click "TCP/IP" on the list of headers
  • Look for "Router" The numbers next to it will be your Router's Local IP Address

So why is this important?

If you input your Local IP Address into your browser this will open up your router preferences. This is a great tool and will allow you to edit and see the following information: 

  • Network Name & Password
  • What devices are connected to your network
  • Router's Firewall
  • Network's Diagnostics

Through this interface you can manage your connections, and adjust your settings to ensure privacy and network security.

Internet Speed - How do I stack up?

It seems like every purchase these days has some sort of Wifi capabilities - from printers, to e-readers, to every new smart device, we are constantly testing the limits of our router and internet. 

So how does your internet stack up? 

Is easy to find out what your download and upload speed are currently functioning at with a free website called Simply visit the website and click "Begin Test". This will 'Ping' (which is a digital query that is sent from a server to your computer) and test the download and upload speeds of your current connection. 

What are good download and upload speeds?

The important thing here is that you are getting what you are paying for. Check in with your current service provider contract to see what the guarantee is, and then use the test above to see how you stack up. 

Typical download speeds for 'in home' packages range from 20 - 80 Mbps (megabytes per second) and upload speeds from .6 - 3 Mbps

Business class packages can see download speed anywhere from 80 - 100+ Mbps and upload speeds from 5 - 10 Mbps

What to watch out for.

Based on your network and your router, the more devices connected to WiFi could result in slower download and upload speeds. As a rule of thumb, if you are not using it, turn the wifi off.